The supply of insulin will not be enough for patients with type 2 diabetes around the world by 2030, warns a new study. The study is a warning for the treatment of people suffering from type-2 diabetes in the coming years.
Researchers from Stanford University projected type 2 diabetes numbers in 221 countries from 2018 and 2030, with half of that group living in China, India and the United States.
"The number of adults with Type-2 diabetes is expected to rise over the next 12 years due to ageing, urbanisation, and associated changes in diet and physical activity".
Sanjay Basu, assistant professor of medicine at Stanford University and who led the study, said: "Despite the UN's commitment to treat noncommunicable diseases and ensure universal access to drugs for diabetes, across much of the world insulin is scarce and unnecessarily hard for patients to access". Their study was published Tuesday in The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology journal.
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Only three major companies produce the majority of the world's insulin and, at least according to a lawsuit filed previous year, may have conspired to drive up the drug's cost. They found that patients who will be diagnosed with type 2 diabetes will increase from 405.6 million in 2018 to 510.8 million in 2030. If universal global access was achieved, 79 million people would be given insulin.
"These estimates suggest that current levels of insulin access are highly inadequate compared to projected need, particularly in Africa and Asia, and more efforts should be devoted to overcoming this looming health challenge", said lead author Dr Sanjay Basu.
"In spite of the UN's promise to treat non-communicable illness and guarantee global access to drugs for diabetes, over most part of the world insulin is rare and superfluously troublesome for patients to have an access".
The study also predicts using a higher treatment target for A1C levels, a measure for tracking blood glucose, could reduce the number of people who need to use insulin. Unless governments commence inventiveness to make insulin accessible and economical, then its application is going to be far from appropriate. In May, William T. Cefalu, the chief scientific, medical and mission officer with the American Diabetes Association, testified before Senate to discussing insulin price, which have tripled between 2002 and 2013.