Ahead of a deadline set by Washington, the USA said that Russian Federation had not addressed concerns over a new medium-range missile system that Western states believe goes against the 1987 Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty.
Last week, the USA announced it was 'suspending" the Intermediate Range Nuclear Forces Treaty, negotiated with the Soviets in 1987, and would withdraw from it entirely in six months if Moscow continued with its "violations' of the agreement. It all began in March 1976 when the Soviets deployed the SS-20 intermediate range ballistic missile in its European satellite states which could carry three nuclear warheads up to 5,000 kilometres.
At a meeting with officials on Tuesday, Shoigu said Russian Federation should develop two new missile systems in the next two years.
For example, Vershbow says the U.S. could negotiate with North Atlantic Treaty Organisation partners on deploying a new sea- or air-launched cruise missile that could meet the provocation of Russia's ground-launched missile without requiring missile stationing on reluctant allies' territory. At the end of last week, the Trump administration announced it would withdraw from the decades-old pact, accusing Moscow of violating its terms. U.S. President Ronald Reagan described its elimination of an entire class of weapons as the realization of "an impossible vision", and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev said it had "universal significance for mankind". Washington on many occasions accused Russian Federation of violating the Treaty but Moscow strongly dismissed all accusations and expressed grievances concerning Washington's non-compliance.
Technically, a United States withdrawal would take effect six months after this week's notification, leaving a small window for saving the treaty.
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"It can not be excluded that one of the Poseidon with a 100 megaton nuclear warhead will lay low off the U.S. coast, becoming 'the doomsday weapon.' Thus an attack on Russian Federation, will become a suicidal misadventure", the paper states.
U.S. officials have emphasised their fear that China, which is not party to the treaty, is gaining a significant military advantage in Asia by deploying large numbers of missiles with ranges beyond the treaty's limit. He has also pointed to a potential hypersonic weapon on which the United States believes Russian Federation has been working for some time.
"The Trump administration has to make up their minds this year on New START, whether they intend to go for modifying it, or simply intend to abandon it", says Alexander Vershbow, a former USA ambassador to Russian Federation and North Atlantic Treaty Organisation who is now a distinguished fellow at the Scowcroft Center for Strategy and Security in Washington. It says Washington is the one violating it and has accused the United States of inventing a false pretext to exit a treaty it wanted to leave anyway in order to develop new missiles. "We can not be the only country in the world unilaterally bound by this treaty, or any other". He also endorsed the army's suggestion to make a ground-based model of the Kalibr cruise missile, which is now fitted on planes, warships, and submarines.
Mr Shoigu said: "At the same time, they are actively working on creating ground-based missiles with the range capability of over 500km, which is outside the treaty-stipulated limitations".
"Leaving the INF treaty will unleash a new missile competition between the United States and Russian Federation", they said. Instead of jettisoning such treaties, they must be strengthened to prevent the menace of nuclear weapons from spreading.